The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

For anyone with an interest in natural history, the group of islands collectively known as the Galapagos Archipelago is one of the most fascinating places on the planet. The region is renowned for its unique wildlife and the vital role it played in naturalist Charles Darwin’s research, from which he developed his revolutionary Theory of Evolution.
While the majority of visitors on guided Galapagos holidays arrive to experience a close encounter with the iconic wildlife, learning a little of the area’s geologic history can enrich the experience even beyond expectation.

 

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The most common way for an archipelago to form is through constant volcanic activity. (They can also form from continental islands, due to erosion or evaporation of water.) Volcanic archipelagos can form in the ocean and in rivers or lakes as they erupt on beneath the surface of the water. When oceanic, the resulting land masses are known as an “island arc”. In many cases this forms as a result of a “hot spot”, in which parts of the Earth’s crust (tectonic plates) continually shift and create friction.

Where two tectonic plates meet and create a hot spot, magma (red-hot molten rock) can push through the sea floor to create an underwater volcano. As tectonic plates continue to shift over the hot spot, the constant eruptions cause lava to build up and up over millions of years until they emerge from the surface of the ocean to create an island.

In some cases, activity ceases when the tectonic plate eventually moves away from the hot spot. But in others, for example in Hawaii and Japan, the island chains continue to evolve, with many of the volcanoes still active today.

The Geology of Galapagos

The Galapagos Archipelago was formed through the repeated movement of the Nazca tectonic plate over millions of years. As it took place over such a long time period, the eastern islands in the chain are actually millions of years older than some of those in the west. The younger ones, like Isabela and Fernandina, for example, are thought to only be around a few hundred thousand years old, and are still in formation today. Some of the older ones, like San Cristobal and Espanola, may be up to five million years old – still relatively young in the history of the world. With the exception of Isabela (which, as the largest, is made up of six), each island was formed from a single volcano.

Due to their volcanic nature, most of the islands in the chain have a similar conical appearance, but they range from those with very low, gentle slopes to some that soar steeply more than 5,000 feet above sea level. It is this varied of topography that has created the astonishing diversity of habitat that supports the magnificent array of unique wildlife – much of which is endemic.

Discover a Unique Region on Galapagos Holidays

The geology and ecology of this isolated island chain make it one of the most unique places in the world. For those who want to learn more, organised small group Galapagos holidays provide the opportunity to explore this rich, bio-diverse part of the planet in an intimate, educational and truly memorable way.

Using EHIC in Belgium: What is Covered

Using EHIC in Belgium: What is Covered

Each country has a different system in terms of health care, but in the EU, as long as you have a Safe European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), you are entitled to reciprocal medical treatment. While this is reassuring for regular travelers, it should be reiterated that reciprocal deals do not mean that you will receive the same treatment as you do with the NHS in the UK. Pay to do your research before you travel and always have one yearly travel or annual travel insurance.
Belgium is an EU country and a popular destination for weekend breaks. It is also in a place that people often drive through on their way to other destinations. With valid EHIC, health care can be accessed at low speed or even free depending on how urgent the treatment is. However there are certain things you should know if you need health care in Belgium.

Using EHIC in Belgium: What is Covered

What is EHIC Cover?

The majority of health professionals in Belgium work on a private and public basis, so when you access care, it is vital that you make sure you are seen by a state-funded general practitioner. Only one trip or an annual travel insurance policy that covers private health care. This is very important in case you ask your hotel or vacation representative to call the doctor for you so you make sure they call the general person. Costs incurred when using a personal doctor can not be replaced by EHIC.

If you need health care in Belgium, you may be asked to pay a fee directly to the doctor. You can then reclaim 75% of the cost while you are still in Belgium. You will need receipts to claim the money back as well as the official form, which can be obtained at the doctor or dentist you see. Of course, if you have annual travel insurance or even a single travel policy, you should be able to refund the entire cost.

What about hospitalization? Using EHIC in Belgium: What is Covered

Again, going to a hospital is not free in Belgium. There is a fixed daily charge of about fifteen euros with the cost of drugs on top of that. If you show your EHIC when you confess that you only need to pay the patient fee and avoid paying a down payment that can be refunded.

And Recipe … Using EHIC in Belgium: What is Covered

The recipes must be paid when purchased at the pharmacy but with EHIC you can reclaim 75% when you were in Belgium. With one trip or an annual travel insurance policy, you may be able to reclaim your full costs. Calling 090010500 takes you to the 24-hour pharmacy information line, telling you the location closest to the open one.

While EHIC is a useful part of the documentation, if you want peace of mind with respect to health care while traveling to Belgium, or indeed any other country, invest in insurance. Annual travel insurance is the best option if you plan on doing more than one trip a year.

Patrick Chong is the Managing Director of InsureMore, an award-winning specialist team in a single global travel and annual travel insurance policy. In addition to offering attractive offers for travel insurance, Patrick also collects and shares the best free travel competitions to help his clients get the most out of their holiday.

Good Auto Insurance Policy

Good Auto Insurance Policy

Although car insurance is a must-have for cars, it does not cost a lot of money. If applicable, you can calculate your car insurance rate with your insurance provider to the minimum possible threshold while ensuring that you are in good coverage. A good car insurance policy will not only protect you as a vehicle owner in the event of an accident but also take into account any damage that may occur to a third party. If you are considering the following budget car insurance plans are a few tips to help keep your insurance interest rates low; Good Auto Insurance Policy
· Insure your home and car with the same company – Insuring your car with the same company that insures your home makes you unreadable with discounts called multi-line discounts. Thus, you pay less than you should if you insure your car and home with a separate company. Even then, you should be sure about the possibility of a discount before making a commitment to get your car insurance from a company that insures your home because not all companies offer multi-line discounts.

Good Auto Insurance Policy

· Meet all your cars in one policy – If you have more than one car, you can make sure everything is in one policy to qualify for multi-vehicle discounts. This lets you enjoy savings on both mobile phones. Just like multi-line discounts, you need to check if a discount is offered before signing up.

· Maintain clean driving records – Your driving record is a factor when calculating your car insurance rate. As a result, your insurance rate is affected by a traffic ticket that covers up to three years and six years for accidents. Having a bad driving record means you pay an extra premium so make your car insurance expensive.

· Go for low-risk cars – Your car insurance premium is determined based on your car history. If your car is very likely to be stolen or involved in an accident then you will pay more for insurance premiums.

· Choosing a Pay-As-You-Drive Policy – It is highly recommended if you do not drive for long distances. Therefore, consider applying for a policy based on your annual or monthly mileage. The pay-as-you-drive policy allows your premium to fluctuate depending on the frequency behind the wheel because your mileage records are stored through monthly and yearly reports shared with policy providers.

· Take precautions against the possibility of theft – Installing an anti-theft device in your car may also contribute to lowering your car insurance premium as it reduces the risk of theft.

· Let insurance companies bid for you – When you shop for your car insurance and deliberately let the insurance company know that you are not done yet, you can get a better deal. That is, you can choose to tell the business what other offers offer so as to give them the opportunity to decline the offer for your benefit.

In conclusion, there are many factors that determine how much you will pay the premium. Thus, perhaps lowering your car insurance premiums still enjoy great service. Good Auto Insurance Policy